Why should anything in the built environment not have an element of productivity? Read about how refugees in Palestine are converting rooftops into farms:
Hajar Hamdan lives with her mother, sister and her sister’s two children in the concrete jungle of Deheishe refugee camp near Bethlehem in the West Bank.
Yet Hamdan is growing enough vegetables on her roof to feed her family and pass the surplus on to her neighbors.
Hamdan’s family is one of 15 in Deheishe to have a greenhouse on their roof as part of a project which is now being extended to other Palestinian refugee camps.
Money is tight with no wage-earners in the household, so Hamdan is grateful for the money she saves on vegetables.
"It saves a lot of money and it’s great to practice being a farmer," said Hamdan. "It makes me happy working inside our greenhouse.
"We grow tomatoes, cucumbers, green beans, aubergines and zucchini. My neighbors often come round asking if we have any to spare, which makes me very popular.
"And it tastes so much better because there are no chemicals."
The rooftop greenhouse project was launched in April by Karama, an NGO based in Deheishe that works with women and children.